Contaminants in Foodstuffs - An International Overview of Maximum Limits - Vols 1 and 2
Food products can be contaminated by various sources and processes throughout the food chain from production to consumption. This generally has a negative effect on the quality of the foodstuff and may pose a health risk. For the protection of public health, it is essential to ensure that contaminant levels do not exceed Maximum Limits (MLs). Concerns regarding contamination in foodstuffs have resulted in an ever-increasing volume of legislation on the subject, which in turn affects the manufacture of food products and their position in the international market.
Contaminants in Foodstuffs - An International Overview of Maximum Limits is a two-volume guide that has been written to help food manufacturers, distributors, importers, and the whole food sector trading nationally and internationally to meet regulatory requirements and to ensure compliance with contaminants legislation in different regions worldwide. It covers the European Union and its 27 Member States, including national provisions where they exist. It also includes information on countries within Europe (Non-EU), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), North America, Latin America, Australia and New Zealand, the Far East, and the Middle East.
The two-volume guide contains information on how contaminants such as heavy metals and metalloids, certain organic and inorganic compounds, mycotoxins and other toxins are regulated together with MLs in several food categories and drinking water.
The information has been compiled by a multi-lingual team of Advisors from the Regulatory Services department at Leatherhead Food Research. It has been extracted from national legislation, which is often found in a number of documents issued by different authorities, in their native language. In addition, interpretational advice from contact with national authorities has been considered.
Table of contents
- European Union (EU)
- EU Member States:
Ireland (Republic of)
Volume 2 includes:
- Codex Alimentarius
- Australia and New Zealand
- Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS):
- Europe (Non-EU):
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic of)
- Far East and South Asia:
- Latin America:
- Middle East:
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
- North America:
United States of America
- Heavy metals, metalloids and their compounds in foodstuffs:
Arsenic, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, tin, cadmium, antimony, chromium, nickel, cobalt
- Heavy metals, metalloids and their compounds in water:
Aluminium, arsenic, barium, boron, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, sodium
- Other elements and inorganic compounds in foodstuffs:
Nitrate, nitrite, sulphate
- Other elements and inorganic compounds in water:
Ammonium, bromate, chloride, cyanides, nitrates, nitrites, selenium, sulphate
- Halogenated organic compounds and other organic compounds in foodstuffs:
Dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), benzo(a)pyrene, methanol, furfural, hydrocyanic acid
- Halogenated organic compounds and other organic compounds in water:
Acrylamide, benzene, benzo(a)pyrene, total organic carbon (TOC), trihalomethanes, vinyl chloride, PAHs
Aflatoxins, ochratoxin A (OTA), patulin, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins
- Other contaminants:
Erucic acid, histamine, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), marine biotoxins
1 Please note that not all countries will have legislation on all of the contaminants above, and some countries may have additional provisions.
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages including canned products
- Cereal and cereal products:
Wheat, rice, flour, flour confectionery
- Cocoa, cocoa products and confectionery:
Chocolate, cocoa butter, sugar confectionery
- Edible ices:
Ice cream and edible ices
- Eggs and egg products:
Eggs, dried egg, mayonnaise
- Fats and oils:
Butter, vegetable oils, margarine, animal-origin fats, milk fat
- Fish and fishery products:
Fish, molluscs, crustaceans, fishery products, including canned products
- Fruit, vegetables and their products:
Brassica, leaf vegetables, root vegetables, legumes, pulses, fungi, fruit, berries, including canned products and other preserves
- Meat, poultry and their products:
Beef, lamb, poultry, pork, offal, collagen, gelatine, meat products, including canned products and preserves
- Milk and milk products:
Milk, milk powder, casein, dairy products, including canned products
- Sugar and sugar products:
Sugar, syrups, caramel
Food supplements, infant formulae, foods designed for specific age groups, spices, edible seeds, coffee, tea, snacks, salt, vinegar
2 Food categories and sub-categories may vary from country to country, depending on the scope of national legislation.
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