WORLD: BSE, bird flu outbreaks affecting a third of global meat exports - FAO
Approximately one-third of global meat exports, or 6 million metric tonnes, are currently being affected by animal disease outbreaks, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
With the value of global meat and live animal trade estimated at US$33bn (excluding trading amongst EU member states), this could amount to world trade losses of up to $10bn if import bans extend throughout 2004.
The impact on small poultry producers in Asia may be considerable, with over 100 million birds estimated to have died or have been culled over the past two months. In particular, the impact of import bans on export-dependent countries, such as Thailand, which has culled around 36 million birds or 25% of its domestic flocks, will increase the vulnerability of small producers as local prices drop sharply.
BSE and Avian flu
In the case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), countries around the world have banned beef imports from the US and Canada. The US and Canada account for more than one-quarter of global beef exports (around 1.6 million tonnes, valued at approximately $4bn). US beef exports, after reaching 1.2 million tonnes in 2003, are expected to drop to 100,000 tonnes in 2004 if bans remain in place for the entire year, the US Department of Agriculture estimated.
Both Canada and the US, in addition to 10 Asian countries, have reported outbreaks of bird flu. These countries account for 4 million tonnes or 50% of world exports of poultry meat (with the US accounting for nearly 35%), the FAO said.
While avian flu outbreaks in North America are not reported in commercial flocks, any prolonged ban on US exports, which constitute 15% of domestic production, will put downward pressure on all US meat prices.
As a result of poultry and beef import bans, the FAO expects the demand for substitutes such as pork to increase significantly. This is already visible in Japan where shortages of beef and chicken have led to pigmeat prices surging 40% in February following import bans on US beef and Asian poultry.
China's ministry of agriculture today (Thursday) confirmed a bird flu outbreak in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, saying the situation was under control, the Xinhua news agency reported....
The Ugandan government has banned the import of all dairy products to stop the possible entry of the disease BSE, according to the agency AFP....
Japan's independent Food Safety Commission has today (Friday) approved an easing of the blanket testing of all cows for BSE, paving the way for lifting an import ban on US beef, the Kyodo news agency ...
A recent outbreak of avian influenza in North Korea (DPRK) has been successfully contained, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation said today (Monday). It urged the country to continue s...
Bird flu is still ravaging Indonesian poultry production, according figures released by the Office International des Épizooties, the world animal health organisation....
A former US government veterinarian has claimed the US government is hiding cases of BSE in the United States....
Canadian farmers have launched a C$7bn (US$5.67bn ) class-action suit against Canada's federal government for negligently allowing BSE to devastate the country's cattle sector....
Singapore will lift a ban on imports of poultry and eggs from the Malaysian states of Selangor and Negri Sembilan with effect from 14 April 2005, its Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority announced today....
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