Fluoridation is based on poor science, has overstated benefits, puts children at high risk of developing dental fluorosis and may increase older women's chances of wrist fractures, reports the British Medical Journal (B.M.J.), October 7, 2000.

McDonagh and colleagues conducted a systematic review of 214 selected water fluoridation safety and efficacy studies. Given the level of interest surrounding the issue of public water fluoridation, it is surprising to find that little high quality research has been undertaken, they write.

Fluoride-laced drinking water, touted as a potent cavity fighter, apparently, has little, if any, scientific support.

McDonagh, et al, write that the pro-fluoridation studies lack appropriate design and analysis. Many don't control for potentially confounding factors such as age, sex, social class, ethnicity, country, tooth type (primary or permanent), mean daily regional temperature, use of fluoride, total fluoride consumption, method of measurement (clinical exam or radiographs, or both) and training of examiners, they write.

Furthermore, they report, 48% of children who live in fluoridated communities have developed dental fluorosis (white spotted, yellow or brown permanently stained teeth) due to fluoride overdose.

In another B.M.J. study, Phipps and colleagues report that older white women who lived for 20 years or more in fluoridated communities have a 32% higher rate of wrist fractures although they also report a lower rate of hip fracture. It is reasonable to expect that concentrations of fluoride at 1 ppm (the level at which most U.S. communities fluoridate) may have discernible skeletal effects after 20 years of exposure, writes Phipps.

Several studies show hip fracture increase in fluoridated areas, others a decrease, and yet some, no effect at all.

This is clear evidence that water fluoridation is a massive and potentially dangerous failure, says chemist and professor Paul Connett, Ph.D., St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York.

When dental fluorosis occurs, it means that fluoride has poisoned an enzyme, says Connett. What dental fluorosis is telling us is that a child has been overdosed on fluoride. It is warning us that other, even more important enzymes, may be poisoned as well, like the enzymes in the pineal gland (which produces melatonin), says Connett.

In a B.M.J. editorial, Hannu W. Hausen, professor at the University of Oulu in Finland, reveals there was no difference in decay rates between Finland's fluoridated and non-fluoridated communities according to a 1982 study, because he says In Finland, preventive dental care is provided free to all children.

The U.S.A. is the most fluoridated country in the world. Yet, our Surgeon General announced recently that our minority and poor populations, who mostly live in fluoridated communities, still suffer epidemic proportion of oral disease, says lawyer Paul Beeber, President and General Counsel to the New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation, Inc. One of the major reasons is that Medicaid doesn't pay dentists enough money to treat the poor.

Dentists have to stop giving the illusion they are helping the poor by throwing some fluoride chemicals into their drinking water, says Beeber.

These studies caused previously neutral B.M.J. staffer Douglas Carnall to write I am now persuaded by the arguments that those who wish to take fluoride (like me) had better get it from toothpaste rather than the water supply.

New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation

Fluoride Action Network

Paul S. Beeber, Esq., President, New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation, PO Box 263, Old Bethpage, New York 11804 nyscof@aol.com 516-433-8882

Dr. Paul Connett, ggvideo@northnet.org, 315-379-9200