Compositions and processes for
maintaining the integrity of freshly-cut apples

Author: EPL Technologies
Inc. (Gawad K.I., Gawad H.A.)
Patent Type: European Patent Application 0 906 727  En:en
  Priority data: (US) (14.7.97)   Filing date: 13.7.98   See
published patent document for Designated Contracting States.   (saan: 495957)

Abstract: Cut or injured
fruit undergoes undesirable changes in flavour, colour and texture, and can subsequently
lead to increased microbial growth.  This patent application relates to compositions
and processes that maintain the integrity of fruit that generally exhibits loss of colour
and texture, and changes in flavour or aroma when cut.  The invention is particularly
concerned with treatments for freshly cut apples.  The composition consists
principally of L-cysteine, sorbitol and calcium chloride, and, optionally, a chelator such
as sodium hexametaphosphate.  The formulations of the compositions are altered to
meet the different needs of specific apple cultivars. After treatment of cut apple pieces
with an aqueous solution of the composition, the pieces are packaged in a protective film
– for example, an oxygen-impermeable film – and under vacuum, or in a low-oxygen
atmosphere. Among those apple cultivars that have responded successfully to such treatment
are Empire, Fuji, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Ida Red, Pippin and Rome.

Low adherent and biodegradable
chewing gum

Author: Lotte Co. Ltd
 (Kajiura I., Fujimoto K.)
Patent Type: Japanese Patent Application  10-262566  Ja:en
Filing date: 25.3.97   (saan: 498529)

Abstract: This
biodegradable chewing gum does not adhere to the road after discarding, but the mouthfeel
and flavour are not impaired.  A fractionated substance consisting of glutenin
obtained from wheat gluten with a protein cross-linking enzyme that is then heat-modified,
is blended with a gum base.

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Green nutritional powder

Author: Oncologies Inc.
 (Gaynor M.L., Hickey G.P.)
Patent Type: United States Patent  5 904 924  En:en
 Filing date: 4.11.97   (saan: 497988)

Abstract: Wheat and barley
grass extracts contain a variety of substances, e.g. antioxidants, that are believed to
have a beneficial effect on the health of the consumer. This patent describes a product
that is said to provide an energy boost and to have a positive effect on the health of the
consumer – in particular to have a palliative effect on those suffering from terminal
cancer. It is supplied as a dry powder that can be dissolved in beverages. It contains a
variety of herbs, plants and algae, and is said to be rich in antioxidants and fibre.

Weight loss compound and method of

Author: Slavin A.B.
Patent Type: United States Patent 5 904 926  En:en
  Filing date: 13.9.96   (saan: 497989)

Abstract: A product that
can be used to help people lose weight is described. It contains zinc acetate, which is
taken three times a day, and copper gluconate, which is taken twice a day. The zinc
acetate is believed to raise the amylase and lipase levels in the blood. The
copper-gluconate counteracts the copper depleting effect of the zinc acetate.  It can
be used in conjunction with a low-fat diet.

Encapsulation compositions

Author: McCormick and Co.
Inc.  (Porzio M.A., Popplewell L.M.)
Patent Type: United States Patent  5 897 897  En:en
  Filing date: 10.12.96  (saan: 496119)

Abstract: Flavourings are
encapsulated so that they can be measured out easily and can be released in a controlled
fashion. These are generally produced using spray-drying or extrusion techniques, but this
can lead to loss of some compounds and the end products may not be easy to handle. This
patent describes an improved encapsulation matrix that is in a stable glass state at
ambient temperature. It does not cake at ambient temperature. It is made from carbohydrate
food polymers, e.g. maltodextrin and modified starch, which are mixed with a plasticizer
and extruded.

Temperature indicating device for a
container with a food product to be heated and container equipped with such a device

Author: SEB SA
 (Doumeng L.)
Patent Type: European Patent Application  0 901 005  Fr:fr
  Priority data: (France) (5.9.97)   Filing date: 2.9.98
  See published patent document for Designated Contracting States.
  (saan: 498331)

Abstract: The invention
provides means of indicating to users when bottles containing baby milks have been heated
to the correct temperature.  A mixture of colour-changing crystals is incorporated in
the inner surface of a label made of, e.g., polyester or polycarbonate.  The label is
attached to the bottle with an adhesive resistant to steam, chemical sterilants, etc. When
the appropriate temperature range has been reached, the user sees not only a change of
colour but also a message such as ‘OK’, which is clearer than a colour change
alone.  The disclosed temperature indicator could also be applied to containers of
baby food, etc.

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