Marmalade must be made from citrus fruits to be sold in the European Union (EU), so says directive 2001/113/EC on fruit jams, jellies and marmalades and sweetened chestnut purée.

However, the law has caused consternation in the Austrian conserve industry, where the term ‘marmalade’ has long been used to describe products using other fruits, which are considered almost everywhere else as ‘jam’.

In a bid to avoid banning this tradition or criminalising some Austrian jam makers, the European Commission has asked EU ministers to approve a special derogation from the directive for Austria, so that its jam can legally be called marmalade once again.